Erbil, locally called Hawler also spelled Arbil or Irbil, is the capital and largest city of Kurdistan Region in northern Iraq. It is located approximately 350 kilometres (220 miles) north of Baghdad. It has about 850 thousand inhabitants and its governorate had a permanent population of 2,009,367 as of 2015.
Human settlement at Erbil can be dated back to possibly 5000 BC, and it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited areas in the world. At the heart of the city is the ancient Citadel of Arbil. The earliest historical reference to the region dates to the Ur III dynasty of Sumer, when king Shulgi mentioned the city of Urbilum.
Erbil International Airport is the main airport of the city of Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan. It is administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) under a committee consisting of the Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan, Nechervan Idris Barzani. The new modern airport opened its doors in 2010. The airport has one of the longest runways in the world (4800m).